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5 Tips for Climbing and Summiting Mt Kilimanjaro

To climb Mount Kilimanjaro appears on many bucket lists, and this year, we summited, making it all the way the top, Uhuru Peak.

by Daniel Noll and Audrey Scott Posted on 21 March 2012

Mount Kilimanjaro. The name alone sounds exotic, adventurous. To climb Mount Kilimanjaro appears on bucket lists, a dream of many.

It had been like that for us for over a decade.

Then in June of this year, we summited, making it all the way the top, Uhuru Peak. After eleven years, we were finally able to check "Climb Mount Kilimanjaro" off our bucket lists. But the entire climb and feeling of accomplishment was more than something to cross of a list. It was a journey in and of itself.

If you've been thinking of -- dreaming of -- climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, here are some tips to turn it into a successful reality.

Choose your route

Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro. Photo by Dan and Audrey.
Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro. Photo by Dan and Audrey.

No matter which Kilimanjaro route you choose, we suggest booking a group tour. It's more fun to trek with a group of people and share in the excitement of the journey together. Also, the additional support from fellow trekkers helps when things get tough towards the top.

When choosing a route, remember that they all lead to the same place - Uhuru Peak (5,895 meters/19,340 feet). Don't belabor the decision. Take a look at the Kilimanjaro trek comparison guide to find the best match for your interests, sleeping preference (huts or tents), budget, time and fitness level.

We took the Marangu route, which is affectionately called the "Coca Cola Route" because you sleep in huts along the way. This route is sometimes criticized for not having interesting landscapes, but we can vouch for the surprising beauty of the entirety of this route. See for yourself in our Kilimanjaro photos.

Gearing Up

Gear for the climb. Photo by Dan and Audrey.
Gear for the climb. Photo by Dan and Audrey.

Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro does not require a lot of technical or specialized mountain climbing gear. There is no need to spend a fortune on new gear for this trek, but a few key items are useful. Porters carry 15 kilos per person - this includes the weight of your sleeping bag.

What you need to bring with you:

  • comfortable pants, shirts, underwear

  • fleece jacket

  • hiking shoes with ankle support

  • headlamp

  • long johns or silk underwear (need many layers for summit day)

  • hats (one for sun protection, another for warmth

If you don't already own the items below, consider renting them in Moshi instead of buying them new. This will also lighten the weight of your luggage for flights and other travel.

  • Sleeping bag - make sure you get the warmest one available (-20 to -30 Celsius)

  • Waterproof pants and jacket

  • Walking sticks - used mostly on the way down, but can also offer support on the ascent

  • Gaiters - particularly if you expect snow in and around the peak (if you are trekking in dry season, they may not be necessary)

Dealing with Altitude

Nearing the top of Kili. Photo by Dan and Audrey.
Nearing the top of Kili. Photo by Dan and Audrey.

No matter which route you take, you will find yourself gaining a significant amount of elevation in a short period of time. For instance, on the Marangu Route, we hiked from 1,800 meters to 5,895 meters in 66 hours.

That's fast, but also surprisingly doable.

Everyone's body reacts differently to altitude. Some people are more susceptible to altitude sickness than others. Here are some things to help your body deal with altitude. Taking these steps will also build your confidence and reduce any anxiety you might have about your body reacting badly to high elevation.

  • Drink water. Then drink some more. And then some more. You should drink a minimum of 3 liters of water per day. Guides and porters will all tell you: water is the single best altitude sickness prevention medicine for your body.

  • Pole Pole (Slowly, Slowly). This is the key mantra for all climbers. Every guide and porter will remind you of this from the moment you begin the climb. Why? When you move slowly, you conserve energy and allow your body adequate time to adjust to the changes in elevation.

  • Sleep and eat. Both of these things will become more difficult as you climb higher in elevation, so try to stock up on them in lower altitudes. Especially at lower altitudes, force yourself to eat. For sleep, consider brining a good set of earplugs to eliminate outdoor noise (if you are sleeping in tents) and all those toilet visits that your mates are making (if you are sleeping in huts).

Finally, as a confidence boost, your guide and assistant guides will be watching out for you and paying attention for signs of altitude sickness. Follow their advice to the letter - they have lots of experience in this - and your experience will be the better for it.

On Kili, the biggest challenge is mental, not physical

Climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro is plenty physically challenging and summit day can feel especially brutal. But Kilimanjaro is every bit mental - altitude anxiety, fear of not making it -- as it is physical.

When those voices of doubt creep in when altitude sickness begins to hit, try to put them in their place by focusing at the task at hand and using the support of your climbing team. Dig deep inside you to find the energy and perseverance to continue. Slowly, slowly.

Enjoy the journey

Everyone's goal is to get to the top, to Uhuru Peak. But Mount Kilimanjaro is more than just getting to the top. Look around as you climb. Take a pause and look back to reflect on how far you've come. Your position above the clouds is something to be savored.

Mount Kilimanjaro offers beautiful surroundings, a mind-clearing hike, camaraderie with people around you, changing landscapes, support of the trekking team and the satisfaction of overcoming challenges.

Kilimanjaro is a journey, a lifetime experience.

Getting There

G Adventures runs a number of departures in Tanzania encompassing a wide range of departure dates and activities to cater to different tastes. We’re thrilled at the prospect of showing you this big blue planet of ours — check out our small group trips here.